The transfiguration is an epiphany (revelation), a moment at which the glory of the risen Christ, who shall also come in glory at the end of the world, is made manifest in advance, even in advance of his passion and death. Upon the mountain Jesus was “transfigured.” The Greek term literally means, “a change in form.” The idea it conveys is that Jesus’ earthly form was exchanged for that of his heavenly form; for a moment in time he appeared to his disciples as the risen, glorified Christ. In particular he appeared to them in the form of the Son on man who is portrayed in the book of Revelation (1:12-16). Two Old Testament figures appear on the scene: Moses and Elijah. These two men had an important role concerning the coming of the Messiah. Moses was the first to announce his coming (Deut 18:15), and Elijah was to return and announce his coming at the last hour (Mal 4:5-6). Why would Peter suggest making dwellings on this occasion? Dwellings symbolized that the people were “at rest” under the protection of God during the 40 years, and that they would again be “at rest” in the messianic age to come. The high point of the drama followed. A “bright cloud” overshadowed them—an indication of God’s presence. God spoke out of the cloud: “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased: listen to him.” Here the Father confirmed Jesus’ own teaching that he must go to Jerusalem to suffer, die, and rise.